Electric Hummers and Cybertrucks, as well as the next generation of S.U.V.s, will signal the arrival of the E.V. era in America if they start to sell in big numbers.

As dreamed up in the 1990s, the electric future focused on futuristic cars such as General Motors' EV1: small, faceless transportation capsules, their sci-fi bubble forms a testament to aerodynamic efficiency over stylistic appearance.

In 2020, the equivalent of a three-ton fist will shake up any futurist or environmentalist of that era: say hello to G.M.'s 1,000-horsepower electric Hummer, the once green scourge, now rehabilitated to pass muster at any cocktail party in Silicon Valley. See the Ford and Chevrolet beefy pickup trucks, and upstarts like Rivian and Bollinger. Elon Musk at Tesla couldn't resist upstaging rivals with the Cybertruck idea, a truck so Insane Max-macho that it's making a Hummer look discreet.

Beyond the truck domain, new Tesla, Audi, Jaguar, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, and Cadillac electric models share a similar characteristic: they are all luxury S.U.V.s, with rich accommodation, efficient acceleration and spacious family room.

"The vehicle which is the least effective on the road is also the section which is most desired," he said.

Although coronavirus shutdowns have forced its planned arrival deeper into 2021 — and may delay nearly every electric competitor as well — the R1 T looks like the design, engineering, and outdoor adventure dream of a trucker.

All four wheels are fitted with electric motors, up to 750 horsepower and 400 miles of driving range, and show stop features such as an optional camp kitchen — with dual stovetop burners, sink and utensil storage — that slides out of a "gear tunnel" between the passenger cab and cargo bed.

Rivian is backed by a joint investment of Ford and Amazon worth $1.2 billion. But Ford killed a proposal for Rivian to build a Lincoln-branded S.U.V. based on its electric "skateboard platform" in the aftermath of the pandemic. Rivian also has an agreement to build 100,000 Amazon delivery vans through 2030.